Comparative genomics and pangenome-oriented studies reveal high homogeneity

Comparative genomics and pangenome-oriented studies reveal high homogeneity of the agronomically relevant enterobacterial plant pathogen Dickeya solani

 

Comparative genomics and pangenome-oriented studies reveal high homogeneity

Background: Dickeya solani is an important plant pathogenic bacteria that caused heavy losses in the production of potatoes in Europe. This species attracted much attention because of the virulence of extraordinary potential to destroy the large and spread more easily contrasted with other spp Dickeya. Given the high need for extensive studies on important economic soft rot Pectobacteriaceae, we perform comparative genomics analysis on the strain D. solani to search for the genetic foundation that would explain the difference in the level of virulence observed in D. solani population.


Results: High quality assemblies from 8 de novo genome sequencing D. solani has been obtained. Whole-sequence comparison, Anib, anim, Tetra and oriented pangenome analysis performed at the genome and sequences of 14 additional strains revealed a very high degree of homogeneity among the studied genetic material D. solani strains. By using 22 genomes, pangenome D. solani, which consists of a core of 84.7%, 7.2% and genes unique accessory 8.1%, has been almost completely determined, indicates the structure pangenome almost closed.

Attribution of genes included in D. solani pangenome fraction of COG functional categories shows that a higher percentage of unique accessories and pangenome different parts of the core part encountered in phage / mobile elements and transcription- groups associated with RNS genome 05.1.2A yeast strains have the most significant impact. Also, D. solani first large-scale genome-wide gene phylogeny calculated alignments core of this serial here reported.


Conclusion: The status almost closed D. solani pangenome achieved in this work points to the fact that the unique genes from these species should no longer growing. these features are characteristic of a good representative taxa occupy isolated ecological niches or lack of efficient mechanisms to exchange genes and recombination, which seems rational about strict pathogen species with clonal population structure. Finally, there is no clear correlation between the geographic origin of strains of D. solani and phylogeny they were found, which may reflect the peculiarities of the international potato seed market.

 Comparative genomics and pangenome-oriented studies reveal high homogeneity of the agronomically relevant enterobacterial plant pathogen Dickeya solani
Comparative genomics and pangenome-oriented studies reveal high homogeneity of the agronomically relevant enterobacterial plant pathogen Dickeya solani

Universal cDNA Reverse Transcribed by Random Hexamer: Human Normal Tissues

C4234565-R 100 reactions
EUR 354
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Universal cDNA Reverse Transcribed by Random Hexamer: Mouse Normal Tissues

C4334566-R 100 reactions
EUR 354
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

200UL CLEAR, MAXYMUM RECOVERY STERILE UNIVERSAL FIT PIPET TIPS WITH REFERENCE LINES

TR-222-C-STK-S 480/pk
EUR 158.4
Description: Non Filter Tips; Pipette Tips - Axygen

Reference Electrode

HI-5313 EACH
EUR 157.32

Universal cDNA Reverse Transcribed by Oligo dT Primer: Chicken Normal Tissues

C4C34565 100 reactions
EUR 354
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Universal cDNA Reverse Transcribed by Oligo dT Primer: Rat Normal Tissues

C4434567 100 reactions
EUR 354
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Universal cDNA Reverse Transcribed by Oligo dT Primer: Monkey Normal Tissues

C4534565 100 reactions
EUR 354
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Universal cDNA Reverse Transcribed by Oligo dT Primer: Dog Normal Tissues

C4734565 100 reactions
EUR 354
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Universal cDNA Reverse Transcribed by Oligo dT Primer: Human Normal Tissues

C4234565 100 reactions
EUR 354
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Universal cDNA Reverse Transcribed by Oligo dT Primer: Mouse Normal Tissues

C4334566 100 reactions
EUR 354
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

200UL CLEAR PRE-STERILIZED MAXYMUM RECOVERY UNIVERSAL FIT PIPET TIPS WITH REFERENCE LINES

TR-222-C-L-STK-S 480/pk
EUR 184.8
Description: Non Filter Tips; Maxymum Recovery Pipette Tips - Axygen

Itraconazole Reference Standard

50R-R51211 50 mg
EUR 159.6
Description: Itraconazole chemical reference substance

Milli-Q½ Reference

Z00QSV001 EACH
EUR 8120.22

Elix½ Reference 3

ZRX0003T0 EACH
EUR 5524.44

Elix½ Reference 5

ZRX0005T0 EACH
EUR 6798.96

Elix½ Reference 10

ZRX0010T0 EACH
EUR 7706.4

Elix½ Reference 15

ZRX0015T0 EACH
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Universal Attachment

MIX1320 EACH
EUR 272.46

Universal platform

INC1112 EACH
EUR 1265.4

Genorise® Bovine IL-1b cDNA Clone, 10 ug

GR152001 10 µg
EUR 183.6

ROX Reference Dye *50X fluorescence reference solution for PCR reactions*

400 5 mL
EUR 222

hTransferrin Reference Antigen Concentrate

F037RAC 1 ml
EUR 493.2
Description: hTransferrin Reference Antigen Concentrate by Cygnus Technologies is available in Europe via Gentaur.

Fluorescein Reference Dye (100X)

F553 1 ml (10µM)
EUR 73.2

Fluorescein Reference Dye (100X)

F553L 5x1 ml (50µM)
EUR 206.4

ROX passive reference dye

29052 5mL
EUR 234
Description: Minimum order quantity: 1 unit of 5mL

Rox Passive Reference Dye

R1000-500 500ul
EUR 138

200UL CLEAR REFERENCE TIPS

TR-222-C 1000/pk
EUR 255.6
Description: Non Filter Tips; Pipette Tips - Axygen

200UL YELLOW REFERENCE TIPS

TR-222-Y 1000/pk
EUR 255.6
Description: Non Filter Tips; Pipette Tips - Axygen

Mettler Inlab Reference Probe

PHE0346 EACH
EUR 133.95

Milli-Q½ Reference A+

Z00QSVC01 EACH
EUR 8453.1

Universal Detachment Solution

AD002 100 ml
EUR 177.6

Universal Neutralization Buffer

NB001 100 ml
EUR 162

Universal Spring Platform

H1000-P-SP 1 PC
EUR 388.07

Universal qPCR Mixture

QPCR1000-UNIV 4X1.25ml
EUR 331.44

UNIVERSAL BEER AGAR

U21-100-10kg 10 kg
EUR 1828.8

UNIVERSAL BEER AGAR

U21-100-2kg 2kg
EUR 444

UNIVERSAL BEER AGAR

U21-100-500g 500 g
EUR 164.4

UNIVERSAL PREENRICHMENT BROTH

U21-101-10kg 10 kg
EUR 898.8

UNIVERSAL PREENRICHMENT BROTH

U21-101-2Kg 2 Kg
EUR 242.4

UNIVERSAL PREENRICHMENT BROTH

U21-101-500g 500 g
EUR 109.2

Universal Stratus Adapter

MIC6036 EACH
EUR 445.74

Loopster Universal Disc

MIX1080 EACH
EUR 171

Universal (Aluminum) Platform

MIX1322 EACH
EUR 132.24

Universal Spring Platform

MIX7184 EACH
EUR 738.72

Universal Oven UN30

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Universal Oven UN55

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OVE8320 EACH
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EUR 1614.24

Universal Oven UF55

OVE8334 EACH
EUR 1948.26

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OVE8336 EACH
EUR 2056.56

Universal Oven UF110

OVE8338 EACH
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Universal Oven UF160

OVE8340 EACH
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EUR 4031.04

Universal Oven UF450

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EUR 5278.2

Universal Oven UF750

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Universal Oven UN30plus

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EUR 2453.28

Universal Oven UN110plus

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Universal Oven UN260plus

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Universal AC adapter

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Grant Universal Tray

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Comparative Genomics Identifies Genetic Locus in Plant-Associated Pseudomonas spp. It Is Necessary to Induced Systemic Vulnerabilities

Plant root-associated microbes promote plant growth and bring induced systemic resistance (ISR) to leaf pathogens. In an effort to find growth-promoting novel and ISR-inducing strains, we previously identified the root-associated strains of Pseudomonas spp. which promote plant growth but suddenly raises induction of systemic vulnerability (ISS) than the ISR to leaf pathogens.

Here, we show that the ISS-inducing phenotype is common among the root-associated Pseudomonas spp. Using comparative genomics, we identified a single locus of Pseudomonas fluorescens strain that is unique to ISS. We generated a net removal of the 11-gene loci ISS and found it necessary to phenotype ISS. Although the function of genes estimated in the locus that is not clear based on the similarity with genes of known function, the locus of the ISS is present in a variety of bacteria, and the part of the gene that was previously involved in the pathogenesis in animals. Collectively, these data suggest that a single locus contributes systemic bacterial plant modulation Microbiome immunity.

IMPORTANCE related bacteria can have various effects on the health of their hosts, but the genetic and molecular basis of these effects have largely remained elusive. This work indicates that the locus of new bacteria can regulate systemic plant immunity.

In addition, this work suggests that the growth-promoting strain may have unexpected consequences for the plant immunity, and this is very important to consider when microbiome plant is being engineered for agronomic improvements.

Total Protein from Multiple Sclerosis Disease: Brain: Thalamus

P1236079Msc 1 mg
EUR 553.2
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

Frozen Tissue Section - Multiple Sclerosis Disease: Brain: Amygdala

T1236036Msc 5 slides
EUR 558
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

Frozen Tissue Section - Multiple Sclerosis Disease: Brain: Cerebellum

T1236039Msc 5 slides
EUR 558
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

Frozen Tissue Section - Multiple Sclerosis Disease: Brain: Hippocampus

T1236052Msc 5 slides
EUR 985.2
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

Frozen Tissue Section - Multiple Sclerosis Disease: Brain: Pituitary

T1236068Msc 5 slides
EUR 985.2
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

Frozen Tissue Section - Multiple Sclerosis Disease: Brain: Pons

T1236071Msc 5 slides
EUR 558
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

Frozen Tissue Section - Multiple Sclerosis Disease: Brain: Thalamus

T1236079Msc 5 slides
EUR 558
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

Paraffin Tissue Section - Multiple Sclerosis Disease: Brain: Amygdala

T2236036Msc 5 slides
EUR 308.4
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

Paraffin Tissue Section - Multiple Sclerosis Disease: Brain: Cerebellum

T2236039Msc 5 slides
EUR 308.4
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

Paraffin Tissue Section - Multiple Sclerosis Disease: Brain: Hippocampus

T2236052Msc 5 slides
EUR 853.2
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

Paraffin Tissue Section - Multiple Sclerosis Disease: Brain: Pons

T2236071Msc 5 slides
EUR 308.4
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

Paraffin Tissue Section - Multiple Sclerosis Disease: Brain: Thalamus

T2236079Msc 5 slides
EUR 308.4
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

Total Protein from Multiple Sclerosis Disease: Brain: Corpus Callosum

P1236045Msc 1 mg
EUR 553.2
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

Total Protein from Multiple Sclerosis Disease: Brain: Frontal Lobe

P1236051Msc 1 mg
EUR 553.2
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

Total Protein from Multiple Sclerosis Disease: Brain: Medulla oblongata

P1236057Msc 1 mg
EUR 553.2
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

Total Protein from Multiple Sclerosis Disease: Brain: Occipital Lobe

P1236062Msc 1 mg
EUR 553.2
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

Total Protein from Multiple Sclerosis Disease: Brain: Parietal Lobe

P1236066Msc 1 mg
EUR 553.2
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

Total Protein from Multiple Sclerosis Disease: Brain: Postcentral Gyrus

P1236072Msc 1 mg
EUR 553.2
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

Total Protein from Multiple Sclerosis Disease: Brain: Precentral Gyrus

P1236073Msc 1 mg
EUR 553.2
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

Total Protein from Multiple Sclerosis Disease: Brain: Temporal Lobe

P1236078Msc 1 mg
EUR 553.2
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

Frozen Tissue Section - Multiple Sclerosis Disease: Brain: Corpus Callosum

T1236045Msc 5 slides
EUR 558
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

Frozen Tissue Section - Multiple Sclerosis Disease: Brain: Frontal Lobe

T1236051Msc 5 slides
EUR 558
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

Frozen Tissue Section - Multiple Sclerosis Disease: Brain: Medulla oblongata

T1236057Msc 5 slides
EUR 558
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

Frozen Tissue Section - Multiple Sclerosis Disease: Brain: Occipital Lobe

T1236062Msc 5 slides
EUR 558
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

Frozen Tissue Section - Multiple Sclerosis Disease: Brain: Parietal Lobe

T1236066Msc 5 slides
EUR 558
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

Frozen Tissue Section - Multiple Sclerosis Disease: Brain: Postcentral Gyrus

T1236072Msc 5 slides
EUR 558
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

Frozen Tissue Section - Multiple Sclerosis Disease: Brain: Precentral Gyrus

T1236073Msc 5 slides
EUR 558
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

Frozen Tissue Section - Multiple Sclerosis Disease: Brain: Temporal Lobe

T1236078Msc 5 slides
EUR 558
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

Paraffin Tissue Section - Multiple Sclerosis Disease: Brain: Corpus Callosum

T2236045Msc 5 slides
EUR 308.4
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

Paraffin Tissue Section - Multiple Sclerosis Disease: Brain: Frontal Lobe

T2236051Msc 5 slides
EUR 308.4
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

Paraffin Tissue Section - Multiple Sclerosis Disease: Brain: Medulla oblongata

T2236057Msc 5 slides
EUR 308.4
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

Paraffin Tissue Section - Multiple Sclerosis Disease: Brain: Occipital Lobe

T2236062Msc 5 slides
EUR 308.4
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

Paraffin Tissue Section - Multiple Sclerosis Disease: Brain: Parietal Lobe

T2236066Msc 5 slides
EUR 308.4
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

Paraffin Tissue Section - Multiple Sclerosis Disease: Brain: Postcentral Gyrus

T2236072Msc 5 slides
EUR 308.4
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

Paraffin Tissue Section - Multiple Sclerosis Disease: Brain: Precentral Gyrus

T2236073Msc 5 slides
EUR 308.4
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

Paraffin Tissue Section - Multiple Sclerosis Disease: Brain: Temporal Lobe

T2236078Msc 5 slides
EUR 308.4
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

Genomic DNA from Multiple Sclerosis Disease: Brain, from a single donor

D1236035Msc 50 ug
EUR 535.2
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Genomic DNA from Multiple Sclerosis Disease: Brain: Amygdala, from a single donor

D1236036Msc 50 ug
EUR 535.2
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Genomic DNA from Multiple Sclerosis Disease: Brain: Cerebellum, from a single donor

D1236039Msc 50 ug
EUR 535.2
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Genomic DNA from Multiple Sclerosis Disease: Brain: Pons, from a single donor

D1236071Msc 50 ug
EUR 535.2
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Genomic DNA from Multiple Sclerosis Disease: Brain: Thalamus, from a single donor

D1236079Msc 50 ug
EUR 535.2
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Genomic DNA from Multiple Sclerosis Disease: Brain: Frontal Lobe, from a single donor

D1236051Msc 50 ug
EUR 535.2
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Genomic DNA from Multiple Sclerosis Disease: Brain: Medulla oblongata, from a single donor

D1236057MSC 50 ug
EUR 535.2
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Genomic DNA from Multiple Sclerosis Disease: Brain: Occipital Lobe, from a single donor

D1236062Msc 50 ug
EUR 535.2
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Genomic DNA from Multiple Sclerosis Disease: Brain: Parietal Lobe, from a single donor

D1236066Msc 50 ug
EUR 535.2
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Genomic DNA from Multiple Sclerosis Disease: Brain: Postcentral Gyrus, from a single donor

D1236072Msc 50 ug
EUR 535.2
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Genomic DNA from Multiple Sclerosis Disease: Brain: Precentral Gyrus, from a single donor

D1236073Msc 50 ug
EUR 535.2
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Genomic DNA from Multiple Sclerosis Disease: Brain: Temporal Lobe, from a single donor

D1236078Msc 50 ug
EUR 535.2
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

cDNA from Alzheimer's Disease: Brain

C1236035Alz 40 reactions
EUR 801.6
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

cDNA from Parkinson's Disease: Brain

C1236035Par 40 reactions
EUR 801.6
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

cDNA from Alzheimer's Disease: Brain: Amygdala

C1236036Alz 40 reactions
EUR 801.6
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

cDNA from Alzheimer's Disease: Brain: Cerebellum

C1236039Alz 40 reactions
EUR 801.6
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

cDNA from Alzheimer's Disease: Brain: Hippocampus

C1236052Alz 40 reactions
EUR 961.2
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

cDNA from Parkinson's Disease: Brain: Hippocampus

C1236052Par 40 reactions
EUR 961.2
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

cDNA from Alzheimer's Disease: Brain: Pons

C1236071Alz 40 reactions
EUR 801.6
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

cDNA from Alzheimer's Disease: Brain: Thalamus

C1236079Alz 40 reactions
EUR 801.6
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

cDNA from Congenital heart disease: Heart

C1236122Hd-3 40 reactions
EUR 801.6
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

cDNA from Alzheimer's Disease: Brain: Frontal Lobe

C1236051Alz 40 reactions
EUR 801.6
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

cDNA from Alzheimer's Disease: Brain: Occipital Lobe

C1236062Alz 40 reactions
EUR 801.6
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

cDNA from Alzheimer's Disease: Brain: Parietal Lobe

C1236066Alz 40 reactions
EUR 801.6
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

cDNA from Alzheimer's Disease: Brain: Postcentral Gyrus

C1236072Alz 40 reactions
EUR 801.6
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

cDNA from Alzheimer's Disease: Brain: Precentral Gyrus

C1236073Alz 40 reactions
EUR 801.6
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

cDNA from Alzheimer's Disease: Brain: Temporal Lobe

C1236078Alz 40 reactions
EUR 801.6
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

cDNA from Human Tumor Tissue: Lymphoma, Hodgkin's Disease

C1235161A-10 10 reactions
EUR 338.4
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

cDNA from Human Tumor Tissue: Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin's Disease

C1235161B-10 10 reactions
EUR 338.4
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Tuberous Sclerosis 1 Antibody

20-abx116334
  • EUR 878.40
  • EUR 477.60
  • 150 ul
  • 50 ul

Multiple Line Reader

LFRB-001 Each
EUR 4699.99
Description: Multiple Line Reader is a portable universal lateral-flow reader that is based on colour change method.

cDNA Synthesis SuperMix

20-abx09801420ulSystems
  • EUR 678.00
  • EUR 577.20
  • 100 rxns × 20 ul Systems
  • 50 rxns × 20 ul Systems

Novo? cDNA Kit

M1165-100
EUR 424.8

Novo? cDNA Kit

M1165-25
EUR 320.4

Evo? cDNA Supermix

M1168-100
EUR 457.2

Evo? cDNA Supermix

M1168-25
EUR 320.4

Novo? cDNA Supermix

M1169-100
EUR 529.2

Novo? cDNA Supermix

M1169-25
EUR 346.8

cDNA from Plant Normal Tissue: cDNA from Plant: Arabidopsis

C1634310 40 reactions
EUR 745.2
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

cDNA from Plant Normal Tissue: cDNA from Plant: Corn

C1634330 40 reactions
EUR 745.2
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

cDNA from Plant Normal Tissue: cDNA from Plant: Orange

C1634340 40 reactions
EUR 745.2
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

cDNA from Plant Normal Tissue: cDNA from Plant: Potato

C1634350 40 reactions
EUR 745.2
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

cDNA from Plant Normal Tissue: cDNA from Plant: Rice

C1634360 40 reactions
EUR 745.2
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

cDNA from Plant Normal Tissue: cDNA from Plant: Wheat

C1634390 40 reactions
EUR 745.2
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

cDNA from Plant Normal Tissue: cDNA from Plant: Soy bean

C1634370 40 reactions
EUR 745.2
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

 

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